Who would have thought something coming in at under two inches could cause such drastic changes in your body? The thyroid is a gland located in the middle of the lower neck and it has one main job … producing hormones.
It was estimated that nearly 62,980 new thyroid cancer cases were diagnosed in 2014 alone (47,230 in women and 15,220 in men).
According to the American Thyroid Association, an estimated 20 million Americans will develop some sort of thyroid condition throughout the course of their lives. And with the increasing number of diagnoses every year it’s important to know what it is, and what you need to ask your doctor.
Thyroid diagnosis come in two forms; overactive or hyperthyroidism (the thyroid releases more hormone than your body needs), and underactive or hypothyroidism, (the thyroid does not produce enough of the hormone). Although different, both lead to uncomfortable and sometimes threatening side effects. Some of the most common in both cases can include:
• Weight loss
• Increased heart rate
• Anxiety and restlessness
• Feeling too hot
• Weight gain
• Dry skin and brittle nails
• Tired and depressed
• Feeling too cold
A doctor can only prescribe treatments, such as medication, for thyroid conditions. It is common for your doctor to ask questions, which could include some variation of the following:
• When did you begin noticing symptoms?
• Are they consistent or do they come and go?
• Is there anything that improves or worsens your condition?
• How severe are your symptoms?
The most important questions that will be asked aren’t the ones that your doctor asks you, but the ones you should and need to ask your doctor.
1) How can I best manage this with my current health conditions?
You should know if a new treatment would have an effect on other medications you are taking, or if it could potentially increase symptoms to another existing condition.