In the past decade, the beauty industry has gotten on board with terms such as "organic" and "toxic-free".
Due to loopholes in a poorly regulated market, products labeled organic and non-toxic don’t always meet peoples’ perceptions, nor do they guarantee any added benefits to mainstream products.
It is important for consumers to understand what these terms mean to make informed decisions and determine the safety of these products.
Toxic chemicals are chemicals that cause harm when inhaled, swallowed or absorbed by the skin. Some are considered poisons, others can be taken in small amounts without problems.
Chemicals labeled as non-toxic, or toxic-free are thought to not cause adverse health effects. However, the term non-toxic is not standardized or regulated. Companies manufacturing the product can justify the term as they choose.
The term “non-toxic,” in essence, means something that will not cause harm to your body or the environment. All chemicals can be toxic and non-toxic based on the level of exposure and how they interact with one another.
Chemicals can be safe in small quantities, but prolonged exposure can be detrimental. For example, phthalates are a group of chemicals found in artificial fragrances.
Phthalates can trigger allergies and have been linked to birth defects and infertility. If possible, consumers should opt for fragrance-free products.
The toxicity of a chemical for each individual depends on the level of exposure and the presence of other chemicals within the body.
Although the term "non-toxic" does not have to meet a specific criteria, the term "organic" has to meet USDA criteria. According to the USDA, "organic" is defined as food or agricultural products that have been produced through approved methods.
For example, organic livestock must be fed organic feed without antibiotics, growth hormones or other animal products.
Organic beauty products are made with ingredients that have not been grown with synthetic fertilizers or pesticides.
Organic beauty products are certified by the USDA National Organic Program (NOP) and come with a USDA seal.