A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition. Risk factors for an aortic aneurysm include the following:
- High blood pressure
- Arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis
- Inherited connective tissue defects ( Marfan syndrome , Ehlers-Danlos syndrome )
- Polyarteritis nodosa
- Bacterial endocarditis
- Age: 60 or older
- History of heart attack
- Family members with aneurysms, particularly male children of an effected mother
- Infectious aortitis
- Great vessel arteritis (Takayasu’s disease)
- Injury to the aorta, from either a motor vehicle accident or a stab wound
The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that men aged 65-75 who have ever smoked be screened once for abdominal aortic aneurysm with ultrasound . This is a painless procedure that gives a picture of the abdomen using sound waves. Early detection of abdominal aortic aneurysm in this group has been shown to reduce mortality from this condition.
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