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Asperger's Syndrome Symptoms & Diagnosis

Symptoms

Symptoms usually become noticeable around 2-½ or 3 years of age. Symptoms may range from mild to severe and can include:

  • Difficulty interacting with others
  • Trouble making friends
  • Poor understanding of other people's feelings
  • Insensitivity to social cues and facial expressions
  • Inappropriate social and emotional responses
  • Preoccupation with one's own world
  • Not sharing enjoyment, interests, or achievements with others
  • Following repetitive routines or rituals
  • Difficulty with any changes in routine or schedule
  • Single mindedness
  • Limited interests, usually one or two subjects
  • Repeating words or phrases over and over
  • Intense interest in a few topics
  • Good rote memory without understanding the information
  • Limited verbal skills or using words in odd ways
  • Difficulty imagining things or thinking abstractly
  • Taking things very literally
  • Focusing on small details and having trouble seeing the bigger picture
  • Ability to read without understanding the words
  • Problems with nonverbal communication
  • Poor eye contact
  • Few facial expressions, except for anger or unhappiness
  • Impaired body posturing or use of gestures
  • Clumsy movements
  • Hand flapping
  • Poor coordination
  • Inflexibility or trouble accepting change
  • Difficulty accepting loss or criticism
  • Obsessive desire to finish any tasks that are started

Diagnosis

There are no tests for Asperger syndrome. The diagnosis is based on observations of the child's behavior. Neuropsychological and IQ tests may be given. Medical tests may be ordered to help rule out other conditions. Children and their families can benefit from early intervention. Knowing what is wrong also helps families understand why the child acts differently than other children.

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2019 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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