Once bladder cancer is found, staging tests are performed to find out if the cancer has spread and, if so, to what parts of the body. Treatments for bladder cancer depend on the stage of the cancer. The stages of bladder cancer are as follows:
- Stage 0: Cancer cells are found only on the surface of the inner lining of the bladder.
- Stage 1: Cancer cells are found deep in the inner lining of the bladder; no lymph nodes are involved.
- Stage 2: Cancer cells have spread to the muscle of the bladder; no lymph nodes are involved.
- Stage 3: Cancer cells have spread through the muscular wall of the bladder to the layer of tissue surrounding the bladder OR possibly to the reproductive organs including the prostate glands; no lymph nodes are involved.
- Stage 4: Cancer cells extending outside the bladder to the wall of the abdomen or to the wall of the pelvis without lymph node involvement OR have spread to one or more lymph nodes and other parts of the body.
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