Cirrhosis occurs when cells in the liver are damaged and scar tissue forms. This scar tissue causes blood flow to be blocked and waste products to build up in the body.
Causes of cirrhosis include:
- Excessive consumption of alcohol
- Hepatitis C , B and D
- Autoimmune hepatitis
- Inherited diseases:
- Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), associated with:
Bile duct blockages, associated with:
- Congenital defects
- Scarred ducts
- Gallbladder surgery
Drugs and toxins:
- Excess vitamin A
- Heart failure, causing blood to repeatedly back up into the liver
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