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Interstitial Cystitis Causes & Risks

Causes

Because bacteria, fungi, or viruses are rarely found in the urine of people with interstitial cystitis, the cause is unclear. Possible causes include:

  • An autoimmune response that occurs following a bacterial infection of the bladder
  • Bacteria that cling too tightly to the wall of the bladder
  • A "leaky" inner lining of the bladder that allows irritating substances in the urine to come into contact with the bladder wall

Risk Factors

A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition. Risk factors for interstitial cystitis include:

  • Sex: female to male ratio 9:1
  • Race: Caucasians 90%
  • Genetics: higher rate in first degree relatives
  • Stress
  • Associated psychological disorders: fibromyalgia or chronic fatigue syndrome
  • History of childhood bladder problems

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2022 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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