Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. Options include the following:
Your doctor may refer you to a physical therapist to learn specific exercises. This may include strength work, stretching, and overall conditioning. You may also be taught how to maintain a correct posture. You may be instructed to sleep on a firm mattress.
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be given for pain or discomfort. Medicine may be given to treat any underlying conditions, like osteoporosis.
Braces are sometimes used. They can help correct kyphosis or reduce discomfort.
Surgery is reserved for severe cases. In this case the spine is straightened by fusing the back bones (vertebrae) together. Surgeons may use bone from the pelvis to fuse the back bones. A metal rod may also be inserted into the spine to help straighten it.
Kyphosis is also sometimes treated with special cement. The cement is injected into the back bones affected.