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Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Causes & Risks


The cause of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is unknown. Mutations in DNA that occur after birth may be related to this cancer. These mutations can occur as a result of exposure to radiation or cancer causing chemicals. It may also occur with age or for no apparent reason.

Risk Factors

Most people who develop non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma have no known risk factors, but the following factors may increase your chance of developing this condition:

  • Sex: male
  • Age: 60 to 70 years old
  • Frequent and accumulating exposure to certain types of chemicals (herbicides, pesticides, benzene)
  • Infections involving the immune system, such as HIV/AIDS and Epstein-Barr virus
  • History of chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • Chromosomal translocations (DNA breaks off one chromosome and becomes attached to another)
  • Celiac disease (gluten enteropathy or gluten intolerance)
  • Obesity

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2022 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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