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Preeclampsia Causes & Risks


The cause of pre-eclampsia is unknown. Possible causes may include:

  • Genetic factors
  • Dietary factors
  • Problems with blood vessel function
  • An autoimmune disorder (the immune system turns against the body)

Risk Factors

A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition. Risk factors include:

  • First pregnancy
  • Family history (eg, mother and sister also had the condition)
  • Multiple births
  • Inadequate prenatal care
  • Pre-eclampsia in a previous pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Age: under 18 years old or older than 40 years old
  • Race: black
  • Chronic high blood pressure
  • Kidney disease
  • Overweight or obese

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2023 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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