A sprain occurs when an external force pushes two bones of a joint apart. If the force continues, the ligament holding the joint together has to give. Most of the time, it gives only partially and is sprained. Sprains occur most often during a sport related activity. They can also happen from accidents in everyday actions.
Forces that may cause a sprain include:
- A fall
- Contact with another person (especially in sports)
- A misstep
The most common joints involved include:
- Shoulder (acromioclavicular joint)
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