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Stomach Cancer Treatments

Treatment

Stomach cancer is most often detected in the later stages. Stomach cancer is treated based on the location, size, stage, and extent of disease. Treatment options for stomach cancer include:

Surgery

Surgery is the most common treatment for stomach cancer. The type of surgery depends on the stage of the disease and can vary from removing the tumor and part of the stomach, to removing the entire stomach.

There are three types of stomach surgery that may be performed:

  • Endoscopic mucosal resection—This surgery is generally performed in the early stages where the tumor is removed through an endoscope.
  • Subtotal gastrectomy—This procedure removes the lower part of the stomach, leaving part of the stomach to be reattached to the esophagus and small intestine.
  • Total gastrectomy—This is the removal of the entire stomach and often includes removal of nearby lymph nodes. The esophagus is attached directly to the small intestine.

Radiation Therapy

This is the use of high-energy rays to kill or shrink cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be used after surgery to destroy cancer cells that could not be seen or removed during surgery.

Combined Modality Treatment

A recent study showed that patients with high-risk stomach cancer (positive lymph nodes or spread through the stomach wall by tumor) are best served by surgery followed by both chemotherapy and radiation therapy. This combined modality approach results in best survival and least likelihood of cancer returning.

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2019 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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