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TMJ Disorder Causes & Risks

Causes

The exact cause of TMD syndrome is often unclear. Possible causes include:

  • Excess tension in the jaw muscles
  • Faulty alignment between the upper and lower teeth and jaws
  • Disturbed movement of the jaw joint
  • Displacement or abnormal position of the jaw joint or cartilage disc inside the jaw joint
  • Arthritis or similar inflammatory process in the joint
  • Excess or limited motion of the joint
  • Injury of the jaw or face

Risk Factors

Factors that increase your chance of TMD include:

  • Sex: female
  • Age: 30 to 50 years old
  • Clenching or grinding of teeth
  • Poorly fitting dentures or crowns
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Stress
  • Arthritis

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2019 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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