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TMJ Disorder Symptoms & Diagnosis

Symptoms

Symptoms include:

  • Pain in the temporomandibular joint, jaw, or face
  • Pain may be worse with chewing, yawning, or opening the mouth
  • Clicking, popping, or grating sounds with movement of the jaw
  • A sensation of the jaw catching or locking briefly, while attempting to open or close the mouth, or while chewing
  • Difficulty opening the mouth completely
  • A bite that feels off, uncomfortable, or as though it is frequently changing
  • Swelling in the affected side of the face or mouth
  • Painful muscle spasm in the area of the temporomandibular joint
  • Headache
  • Earache
  • Neck, back, and/or shoulder pain

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. The physical exam may include:

  • Range of motion tests
  • Listening for sounds of popping or clicking in the temporomandibular joints
  • Visual inspection of your teeth, temporomandibular joints, and muscles of your face and head
  • Palpation of the joints and the muscles of the face and head

Other tests may include:

  • X-rays —plain x-rays or panoramic dental x-rays of the jaw and jaw joint
  • Arthrography—jaw movements videotaped with x-rays taken after dye is injected into the joint
  • MRI scan —a test that uses magnetic waves to create detailed images of the joint

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2019 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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