Loaded with swimming parties, outdoor fun and cookouts, summer is often the most anticipated season of the year. But the warmer weather is not without hazards. Be on guard for these five summer hazards to ensure that you and your family enjoy a healthy season.
1) Disease-Carrying Insects
These include mosquitoes that transmit West Nile encephalitis and ticks that spread Lyme disease.
For mosquitoes, avoid being outdoors at dawn and dusk, when they’re most active. For further mosquito and tick protection, use insect repellent with 20 to 30 percent DEET on exposed skin and clothing.
Symptoms of Lyme disease include body aches, fatigue, fever and headaches. Left untreated, it can lead to more severe health problems and can even be fatal. Protect yourself from ticks by avoiding bushy and wooded areas or by wearing protective clothing in those tick-prone areas.
2) Skin Damage
According to a recent study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, barely one-third of Americans regularly use sunscreen. Protect your skin by using sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher and broad spectrum protection, to shield against both the sun’s UVA and UVB rays.
Plan outdoor activities during the cooler parts of day. The sun’s rays are most powerful and damaging between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.
3) Dehydration, Heat Exhaustion and Other Heat-related Illnesses
People who don't drink enough water in hot weather can suffer from headache, nausea, dizziness and goose bumps, which are all signs of heat exhaustion. Heat exhaustion can advance to potentially fatal heatstroke. Heatstroke causes people to become confused and lose consciousness.
To avoid overheating and dehydration, drink plenty of fluids, particularly water. The goal is to take in more fluids than you lose.
4) Food Poisoning
FIC News reported that the Food and Drug Administration estimates there are roughly 48 million cases of food poisoning in the United States every year. These cases spike in the summer time.