Based on the teachings of Buddha, Tibetan medicine focuses on the beliefs that all feelings and perceptions of the universe begin in the mind and optimal health only occurs when all energies of the human body are in balance among themselves and with their environment. Tibetanmedicine-edu.org explains how medicine practices in the Eastern world look at the mind as the center of all things real and unreal in the universe.
“The mind is considered to be the base because all existences and moments depend on its movements; it is the creator of every external and internal phenomena,” the Tibetan Medicine Education center (TME) said. Although the mind serves as the foundation of life and health, ignorance can weaken the mind. When the mind is unaware of the larger world, it sees illusions as reality, causing the mind to suffer and seek hope in fantasies, said TME.
In Tibetan medicine, the elements of sa (earth), chu (water), me (fire), rLung (wind) and Nam-mkha (space) are believed to form the entire universe. Each element has a specific job in the world and the human body to help create harmony.
According to tibetan-medicine.org, within the human body, sa is in charge of forming muscle cells, bones, the nose and the ability to smell. Chu controls the creation of blood, body fluids, the tongue and the capability to taste. Me regulates body temperature, one’s complexion, the eyes and sight. Being able to breathe, the formation of skin and the feeling of touch are jobs of rLung. Nam-mkha produces body cavities, the ears and the ability to hear. When the five elements work together and fully complete jobs, the human body, mind and spirit are more healthy.
According to TME, the mind and five elements work together as three body energies or humors. The three humors of Wind (rLung), Bile (mKhrispa) and Phlegm (Badken) continually circulate throughout the entire body to maintain strong health and mentality. TME said that when Wind, Bile and Phlegm are harmonious the body benefits with good health, but when they are unbalanced, illnesses arise.
Each humor holds a different role in the human body.