See also ]]>Amoxicillin]]> ; ]]>Cephalosporins]]> ; ]]>Ethambutol]]> ; ]]>Fluoroquinolones]]> ; ]]>Isoniazid]]> ; ]]>Nitrofurantoin]]> ; ]]>Rifampin]]> ; ]]>Tetracyclines]]> ; ]]>Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole]]>
There are an enormous number of antibiotics in use today. Issues common to antibiotics in general are discussed below.
Some of the drugs that fall into this family include
- amoxicillin (Amoxil, Trimox, Wymox)
- amoxicillin/potassium clavulanate (Augmentin)
- ampicillin (Omnipen, Principen, Totacillin, Marcillin)
- azithromycin (Zithromax)
- bacampicillin (Spectrobid)
- carbenicillin indanyl sodium (Geocillin)
- chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin Kapseals)
- cinoxacin (Cinobac)
- clarithromycin (Biaxin)
- clindamycin (Cleocin)
- clofazimine (Lamprene)
- cloxacillin sodium (Cloxapen)
- colistin sulfate (Coly-Mycin S)
- dicloxacillin sodium (Dycill, Dynapen, Pathocil)
- dirithromycin (Dynabac)
- erythromycin (E-Base, Ilosone, EryPed, E.E.S., Ery-Tab, E-Mycin, Eryc, Erythrocin, PCE )
- fosfomycin tromethamine (Monurol)
- kanamycin (Kantrex)
- lincomycin (Lincocin)
- metronidazole (Flagyl, Protostat)
- nafcillin sodium (Unipen)
- nalidixic acid (NegGram)
- neomycin (Neo-Tabs, Mycifradin, Neo-fradin)
- novobiocin (Albamycin)
- oxacillin sodium
- paromomycin (Humatin)
- penicillin V (Pen Vee K Beepen-VK, Penicillin VK, Veetids)
- troleandomycin (Tao)
- vancomycin (Vancocin)
- and others
Possible Nutritional Depletion
Vitamin K plays a crucial role in blood clotting and also seems to be important for proper bone formation.
There are concerns that antibiotic treatment might reduce levels of vitamin K in the body. However, this effect seems to be slight, and only significant, if at all, in individuals who are already considerably deficient in vitamin K. ]]>1–4]]>
Probable Helpful Interactions
One common side effect of antibiotic therapy is diarrhea (about 25 to 30% of people taking antibiotics report this problem). It is primarily caused by the antibiotic killing many of the bacteria that normally live in the intestines. Changes in bacteria can also cause yeast infections. However, if you take "friendly" microorganisms such as Saccharomyces boulardii , L.acidophilus , or Bifidobacterium longum at the same time you start antibiotics, and continue for some time afterward, you may be able to reduce the risk of these complications. ]]>5–20]]> .
3. Shearer MJ, Bechtold H, Andrassy K, et al. Mechanism of cephalosporin-induced hypoprothrombinemia: relation to cephalosporin side chain, vitamin K metabolism, and vitamin K status. J Clin Pharmacol 28: 88–95, 1988.
17. Wullt M, Hagslatt ML, Odenholt I. Lactobacillus plantarum 299v for the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Scand J Infect Dis . 2003;35(6-7):365-7.
19. Correa NB, Peret Filho LA, Penna FJ et al. A Randomized Formula Controlled Trial of Bifidobacterium lactis and Streptococcus thermophilus for Prevention of Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea in Infants. J Clin Gastroenterol . 2005;39:385-389.
20. Kotowska M, Albrecht P, Szajewska H et al. Saccharomyces boulardii in the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea in children: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Aliment Pharmacol Ther . 2005;21:583-90.
Last reviewed April 2009 by EBSCO CAM Review Board]]>
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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