Mastectomy is the medical term for surgical removal of the breast. It refers to a number of different operations, ranging from those that remove the breast, chest muscles, and underarm lymph nodes , to those that remove only the breast. Other kinds of surgery remove only the breast lump.
The different types of breast surgery are described below. Based on the size and location of the lump, your doctor will recommend the type of surgery that offers you the best chance of successful treatment.
Most medical and surgical procedures carry some risk. The risk
may be small or serious, frequent or rare. Because there is such a
wide range of potential risks and benefits from the various
treatments for the different stages and kinds of breast cancer, you
should discuss with your doctor the particular benefits and risks
of the treatment methods suitable for you.