(Removal of the Esophagus)
This is surgery to remove the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that runs from the mouth to the stomach.
Reasons for Procedure
Esophagectomy may be used to treat:
- Esophageal cancer]]>
- Benign tumors and cysts of the esophagus
- Other esophageal abnormalities
If you are planning to have esophagectomy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Blood clots
- Soreness in throat
- Adverse reaction to the anesthesia
- Leaks from the internal suture line
- Heart attack]]>
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
Your doctor may do the following:
- Physical exam
- Blood and urine tests
- Chest x-ray]]>—a test that uses radiation to take pictures of structures inside the body
- Ultrasound—a test that uses sound waves to examine structures in the body
- ]]>CT scan]]>—a type of x-ray that uses a computer to take pictures of structures in the body
- ]]>MRI scan]]>—a test that uses magnetic waves to make pictures of structures in the body
- ]]>Upper endoscopy]]>—a thin, lighted tube inserted down the throat to examine the esophagus
- Place a feeding tube into your small intestine (may be done during the esophagectomy)
Leading up to your procedure:
- Talk to your doctor about your medicines. You may be asked to stop taking some medicines up to one week before the procedure, like:
- Arrange for someone to drive you home from the hospital and to help you at home.
- Eat a light meal the night before. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
Your doctor may ask you to:
- Use an enema to clear your intestines
- Follow a special diet.
- Take antibiotics or other medicines.
- Shower using antibacterial soap the night before the surgery.
]]>General anesthesia]]> will be used. It will block any pain and keep you asleep through the surgery. A tube will be placed in your windpipe to help you breathe.
Description of the Procedure
Depending on the area that needs to be removed, the doctor will make an incision in the neck or abdomen using one of these techniques:
- One large incision (open procedure)—The doctor will locate the diseased area and remove it.
- Several small incisions (]]>robot-assisted procedure]]>)—A tiny camera and small surgical instruments will be inserted through the incisions. Looking at the esophagus on a monitor, the doctor will locate and remove the diseased area.
A "replacement" esophagus will be formed with part of the stomach. The remainder of the esophagus will be attached to this new esophagus. In some cases, lymph nodes in the area will also be removed. One or more chest tubes will be placed to drain fluids. Lastly, the incisions will be closed with stitches or staples.
How Long Will It Take?
About six hours
How Much Will It Hurt?
You will feel pain as the anesthesia wears off. Ask your doctor about medicine to help with the pain.
Average Hospital Stay
This procedure is done in a hospital setting. The usual length of stay is 1-2 weeks. Your doctor may choose to keep you longer if complications arise.
You will not be able to eat or drink anything during the first week after surgery. You will get nutrition through a feeding tube. Within 7-14 days, you will have a swallowing test to check for leaks. If there are no leaks, your diet will gradually progress from clear liquids to soft, solid meals. You will probably be able to return to a normal diet after about a month. Your stomach will be smaller, so you will need to eat smaller portions.
Your doctor will encourage you to walk every day. Avoid heavy lifting for 6-8 weeks.
You will also need to do deep breathing exercises. You may be given an incentive spirometer. This is a device to help you breath deeply.
Call Your Doctor
After you leave the hospital, call your doctor if any of the following occurs:
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the incision site
- Nausea and/or vomiting that you cannot control with the medicines you were given after surgery, or which persist for more than two days after discharge from the hospital
- Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given
- Pain, burning, urgency or frequency of urination, or persistent bleeding in the urine
- Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Pain and/or swelling in your feet, calves, or legs
American Cancer Society
National Cancer Institute
Canadian Cancer Society
National Cancer Institute of Canada
Esophageal cancer—esophagectomy. University of Maryland Medical Center website. Available at: http://www.umm.edu/thoracic/esoph_surgery.html. Accessed March 1, 2007.
Ivor Lewis esophagectomy. Roswell Park Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.roswellpark.org/Patient_Care/Types_of_Cancer/Esophageal/Esophageal_Center_Patient_Handbook/Ivor_Lewis_Esophagectomy. Accessed March 1, 2007.
Robot-assisted thoracic procedures PIB. Health Library website. Available at: http://healthlibrary.epnet.com/GetContent.aspx?account=hotk2. Accessed March 1, 2007.
Last reviewed November 2009 by ]]>Daus Mahnke, MD]]>
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2007 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.