A risk factor increases your chances of developing cancer. Modifying certain risk factors may help reduce your risk of testicular cancer.

The only preventable risk factors for testicular cancer are undescended and atrophic testicles at birth. If you have one of these conditions and it has not been fixed by the time of puberty, ask your urologist if it should be corrected. If you have had one of these conditions treated, your risk is still higher than average.

Careful testicular self-examination and encouraging your physician to consider the possibility during your annual health check-up are good ideas.

If your son has one of these conditions, have it checked right away and ask your physician about an orchiopexy (fixing it in the scrotum) or an orchiectomy (removal of the testicle).