If you’ve ever had a throbbing, piercing or dull pain in the head, you’ve most likely experienced a headache just like the rest of the population. However, you might not realize that a portion of the population has to deal with headaches every day, and that there are multiple kinds of headaches.
About three out of four people who get migraines are women. June is Migraine and Headache Awareness Month, so this is the perfect time for you to find out more about this neurological condition.
Dr. Mark Khorsandi, the head doctor at Migraine Relief Center in Texas, said in an email that a migraine is actually a specific type of headache, and is considered a neurological disorder. Generally pulsating pain is felt on one side of the head, and it can last anywhere from 2-72 hours.
Some migraine patients have aura symptoms, which can include sensitivity to light and certain scents, nausea, vomiting, tingling and numbness in legs or arms, and other issues, he said.
Other types of headaches include cluster and tension. Sometimes it can be difficult to figure out what is causing headaches, but Khorsandi believes that migraines are caused by nerve compression and inflammation.
Dr. Bardia Amirlak, an assistant professor and director of the Residency Cosmetic Clinic at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, added in an email that tension headaches are considered the most common type of headache. They are characterized by dull, mild pressure.
“Cluster headaches, which are less common than migraines or tension headaches, usually bring severe stabbing pain around the eye,” he added. “Secondary headaches are usually rare but caused by more serious problems such as aneurysms and brain tumor.”
Dr. Emily Rubenstein Engel, the associate director at Dalessio Headache Center at Scripps Clinic, said in an email that oftentimes migraines are underdiagnosed because doctors and patients incorrectly think that migraines can only be characterized by pain on one side of the head, along with vomiting and “flashing lights.”
“In fact, it does not need to have any of those features if it has others ...