If you’ve lived a bit, more than likely you’ve had at least one tooth pulled, had a baby or two or dealt with some kind of ailment. All the things mentioned here might just call for medicine. Some of these meds are potent as with chemotherapy and certain kinds of painkillers. If not properly disposed of, children or pets can be injured.
So what can be done to ensure safety? Most would think -- just flush it down the toilet -- problem solved. But is it? In my research, I found two different opinions from two different governmental agencies. We have the Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection, which does not advise flushing meds at all, citing that this will prevent any pollutants from entering the water system or even affecting animal life. Specific instructions are laid out for disposing meds such as spoiling meds before dumping them into the trash. To spoil can mean adding water, salt, flour or some non-toxic spice (as turmeric or mustard) to make it foul-smelling or -looking. It was advised to keep meds in the original container (although it is important to scratch off or mark off personal information on the label). Then, duct-tape the bottle and even put it in another small container to hide the medicine bottle itself. Medicine in blister packs can be duct-taped tightly and thrown away. Finally, put in a regular trash container -- not your recycling bin.
However, the FDA, as recently as April of 2011, stated that according to research information available, there is no danger from pollutants when drugs are flushed down the toilet. The drug residue found in rivers and such are from human who naturally pass chemicals from their bodies anyway.
Their guidelines for drug disposal recommend to follow the instruction on the drug label itself. Therefore, if the drug label advises flushing unneeded medicines, then it is okay to do so. An alternative to disposing of meds yourself -- and for all those tree huggers out there -- is to contact your local drug take-back program. This information is usually found in the blue pages of your phone book.