You may have heard of laparoscopic surgery that uses tiny instruments and a camera that are inserted into the abdomen through very small incisions. The da Vinci® Surgery System takes this type of surgery to the next level by using a 3D camera and computer-enhanced robotic arms to perform even more precise surgery.
The da Vinci® Surgery System is registered robotic system sold by Intuitive Surgical. It is a specialized type of minimally invasive surgery. Minimally invasive means the incisions through the skin are close to the width of a dime, rather than several inches long as are required in standard surgery. The advantages of minimally invasive surgery are smaller incisions which reduce time to heal, less pain, less blood loss, fewer infections, and reduced costs for shorter hospital stays. Laparoscopy and da Vinci surgery are both minimally invasive types of surgery.
• Surgeon console – with laparoscopy, the surgeon stands beside the patient and manipulates the instruments by hand. With da Vinci, the surgeon sits at a special console and uses hand and controls to operate the robotic arms that perform the surgery.
• Robotic controls – the da Vinci system includes a cart with several robotic arms that is positioned beside the patient. These arms hold various surgical instruments that can suture, clamp, or cut as needed. An attendant can change out these instruments during surgery as directed by the surgeon.
• Surgical instruments – the da Vinci system can be fitted with a great variety of instruments that rotate and flex much like the human hand. The surgeon operates hand controls at the console that are translated into smaller, more precise movements by the robotic controls. This means the surgeon can control the amount of force applied and can make very precise cuts or sutures. The controller also filters out any hand tremors. These instruments are also able to rotate in full circles, which provides a greater range of motion than a human hand can provide.