Turning back the hands of time on our skin often requires the skills of a cosmetically trained doctor.
Two common procedures used to rejuvenate aging skin are injections of Botox or Dysport, and the use of injectable fillers such as collagen or Restylane.
Botox or Dysport:
Both Botox and Dysport are injectable solutions that contain botulism toxin from the bacteria Clostridium botulinum. Botox was approved for use in 2002 and Dysport was approved in 2009, both to treat frown lines.
They work by weakening the muscles they are injected into, while leaving surrounding muscles alone. By limiting the action of muscles that cause frown lines, the skin appears smoother.
There are subtle differences in how each responds in the body. It is thought that Dysport’s effect occurs faster and more skill is needed to use it but basically, they work the same way.
Side effects from the use of either product are bruising, swelling, redness and numbness. There is also a 1 to 2 percent risk of developing droopy eyelids from the spread of the solution to surrounding muscles, or from incorrect dosing, according to the doctors at Dermatology Associates of Atlanta. This complication should be temporary.
Those who are pregnant or have other neuromuscular diseases such as multiple sclerosis should not use Botox or Dysport.
The price for Botox or Dysport is between $250 and $400 with Dysport costing slightly less. They both last for about three to six months.
Collagen and hyaluronic acid are two categories of injectable fillers used to fill out wrinkles, lines or scars. A doctor decides which type should be used depending on the place on the face and the result desired.
- Collagen fillers are intended to reproduce the role of natural collagen. Collagen supports skin, bone, cartilage and blood vessels. Some collagen fillers come from human sources and other from animals such as pigs.
Fillers derived from animal sources have the potential to cause allergic reactions so extra observation for this complication is needed. Other side effects are bruising, swelling, redness and itching.