Sunburn occurs when the skin is overexposed to the sun or ultra violet light. Other sources of ultra violet rays like welding arcs and tanning lamps can also cause sunburn. Melanin in our skin protects the skin from harmful ultra violet rays. But when the amount of exposure to ultra violet rays exceeds the ability of melanin to protect the skin, it results in sunburn.
As we all know, sunburn is better prevented than treated. But, let’s face it, sunburn happens. The short-term consequence is inflammation of the skin. The long-term consequences include premature aging, wrinkling and even melanoma.
Generally symptoms of sunburn include red, tender skin which is warm to the touch. After some hours or days blisters may develop on the skin. All this may be followed by peeling of the skin after a few days. Some other symptoms of sunburn are fever, chill, nausea, vomiting, rash and skin loss.
Certain factors like consumption of birth control pills and antibacterial agents used in soaps make our skin more prone to sunburn.
There are lots of remedies for sunburned skin. One of the first things you want to do is re-hydrate. Drink plenty of water to replace lost water and replenish your cells. Here are some additional home remedies for sunburn:
• Apply apple cider vinegar on the affected skin (vinegar will stop inflammation and pain) using a cotton ball
• Rub mustard oil on the affected skin and allow to it dry, this will take out the heat from the skin
• Before taking a bath, add some baking powder to the bath water, this will help to soothe the skin.
• Apply lavender oil or peppermint oil on the skin
• Take an herbal bath; put few drops of chamomile and lavender essential oils in bath water
• Grate some potatoes and apply them on the sunburn. Starch from the potatoes will soothe the burn
• Avoid products made from benzocaine, lidocaine and petroleum jelly
• Do not use harsh soaps to wash sunburn
Antioxidants like vitamin E and vitamin C are very helpful in curing sunburn, so try to include some of each of these nutrients in your diet. Tomato is a good antioxidant.