Facebook Pixel

Early Signs of Vision Impairment in Infants and Toddlers

By HERWriter
 
Rate This
Vision Problems related image Serhiy Kobyakov/PhotoSpin

Although it is normal for your baby’s eyes to look slightly, occasionally misaligned for the first three months, “after 4 months of age inward crossing or outward drifting that occurs regularly is usually abnormal” (4) and you need to call your doctor.

Your child should also be able to “fixate on an object, maintain fixation, and then follow the object into various gaze positions [track an object]. Failure to perform these maneuvers indicates significant visual impairment.” (5)

Observe how your baby’s eyes perform together (binocularly) and one at a time (monocularly). “If poor fix and following is noted binocularly after 3 months of age, a significant bilateral eye or brain abnormality is suspected, and referral for more formal vision assessment is advisable.” (5)

Sources:

1) Optometric Clinical Practice Guideline: Pediatric Eye and Vision Examination. American Optometric Association. Web. Dec 9, 2012.
http://www.aoa.org/documents/CPG-2.pdf

2) Your Infant’s Vision Development. Heiting, Gary OD. All About Vision. Web. Dec 9, 2012.
http://www.allaboutvision.com/parents/infants.htm

3) Developmental Signs of Eye Problems in Babies. Smith, Barbara M.S. OTR. Web. Dec 9, 2012.
http://www.livestrong.com/article/68145-developmental-signs-eye-problems-babies

4) Warning signs of Vision Problems in Children. American Academy of Pediatrics. Web. Dec 9, 2012.
http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/eyes/pages/Warning-Signs-of-Vison-Problems-in-Children.aspx

5) Eye Examination in Infants, Children, and Young Adult by Pediatricians. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine and Section on Ophthamology et. al. Policy Statement. PEDIATRICS Vol. 111 No. 4 April 2003. Web. Dec 9, 2012.
http://www2.aap.org/sections/ophthalmology/ophthalstatements_files/Vision%20Screening%20Statement%20-%20FINAL.pdf

Reviewed December 12, 2012
by MIchele Blacksberg RN
Edited by Jody Smith

Add a CommentComments

There are no comments yet. Be the first one and get the conversation started!

Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
By submitting this form, you agree to EmpowHER's terms of service and privacy policy

We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.

Vision Problems

Get Email Updates

Vision Problems Guide

HERWriter Guide

Have a question? We're here to help. Ask the Community.

ASK

Health Newsletter

Receive the latest and greatest in women's health and wellness from EmpowHER - for free!