Teenage acne and endometriosis appears to have a connection. Women who suffered from severe acne in their teens were found to have a 20 percent increased risk of developing endometriosis, in a recent study from Harvard Medical School.
Endometriosis is a painful condition where tissue that should only line the inside a woman’s uterus grows in other places in the pelvis. Approximately 10 percent of women are affected by endometriosis. It most commonly occurs in women between the ages of 25-40.
The researchers were prompted to investigate whether an alteration in one area of our DNA might be involved in both acne and endometriosis.
An alteration in this part of our DNA had previously been linked to a four-fold increase in acne. This same alteration also had been found in studies in those diagnosed with endometriosis. It made sense to explore this alteration by one more step, to see if there was a connection between the two conditions.
Dr. Jing Xie and his team used data from the Nurses Health Study II, which included 88,623 women followed from September 1989 to June 2009. They used the information to perform a prospective study which involved them following the women’s health status to see how many developed endometriosis.
They found that there were 4,382 cases of endometriosis confirmed by laparoscopy among the study participants.
“Women who reported a history of severe teenage acne -- 7.9% of the group -- were 20% more likely to develop endometriosis,” reported Medscape.com.
Even when the researchers statistically controlled for tetraclycline and isotretinoin use, the increased risk was still present. Infertility history, body mass, and skin or hair type did not change the results.
One limitation of the study was that the endometriosis was only diagnosed by surgery. In fact, the incidence of endometriosis is probably higher.
“Estimates suggest that between 20% to 50% of women being treated for infertility have endometriosis (but may not have symptoms), and up to 80% of women with chronic pelvic pain may be affected,” reported Medicine.net.
The study also mostly included Caucasian women so further studies with a more diverse population should be performed.
The researchers wrote in the study abstract that there are wide implications of their results.
“As a visible and non-invasive clinical indicator, severe teenage acne may be useful for early detection of endometriosis. We bring this counter-intuitive association to the attention of clinicians for the benefit of the patient and an early diagnosis of endometriosis.”
The study was funded by a research grant from the National Institute of Health.
Severe Acne in Teen Years Linked to Increased Endometriosis Risk. Reuters Health Information. By Anne Harding. August 29, 2014. Medscape.com.
Xie, Jing M.D. et al. Severe teenage acne and risk of endometriosis. Hum. Reprod. (2014) doi: 10.1093/humrep/deu207. published online: August 19, 2014.
Endometriosis. Medicine.net. Retrieved Sept. 14, 2014.
Michele is an R.N. freelance writer with a special interest in woman’s healthcare and quality of care issues. Other articles by Michele are at http://contributor.yahoo.com/user/499625/michele_blacksberg.html
Edited by Jody Smith
Add a Comment4 Comments
Since you are a teenager - zits are occasionally normal. Here's what worked my for my 3 kids who all had acne problems at some point i their lives. We swear by two products in our household:
- ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS wear sunscreen. a little goes a long way, this keeps your skin moist and protected. (oil free if possible**) this also prevents a lot of upcoming skin concerns.
-Citrus Clear has a Grapefruit Spot Treatment that you can use throughout the day when your skin is oily. My teens used this about 2-3x per day and it worked great on any pimples that came out. They were gone in 1-2 days.August 1, 2016 - 8:00pm
I have severe endo that required full removal of internal reproductive organs as well as parts of other organs and I had very very little acne.
Acne is most commonly related to hormones and endometriosis is too! So it's stupid to think that they wouldn't be related!September 18, 2014 - 2:34am
What this study is trying to show is that women who have had severe acne as teens may go on to develop endometriosis. This means that when a doctor is examining a woman who he suspects may have endometriosis, he should ask about her history of acne.
Women with endometriosis may not have had severe teenage acne, it is just an increased risk factor.
Acne can come from hormone imbalances, which may be why you are having it now. It could improve or perhaps your doctor needs to make more adjustments if your endometriosis is not under control.
MicheleSeptember 15, 2014 - 7:15pm
I never had acne as a teen. I actually didn't have problem until I started taking hormone therapy as treatment for endometriosis.September 15, 2014 - 4:03pm