You may be surprised to know that Influenza (flu) and the early signs of throat cancer share similar symptoms. Distinguishing between the two could save your life. Treating throat cancer early offers the best chance for recovery.
Early signs of throat cancer that mimic the flu include:
• changes in your voice, such as hoarseness
• difficulty swallowing or chewing
• ear pain
• sore throat that does not get better, even when antibiotics are used
The main difference between the flu and throat cancer is the flu goes away, throat cancer doesn’t. If this happens to you, don’t ignore it.
If you notice there is no positive change in your symptoms within two weeks, or the symptoms worsen, see your doctor immediately and insist on further checks.
You should also see your doctor if you discover new symptoms, such as:
• a lump (typically painless) in your neck or throat
• a sore on the lip or inside the mouth that doesn’t heal
• unexplained weight loss
• coughing up blood
• difficulty swallowing
• abnormal high-pitched breathing sounds
Most throat cancers develop in adults older than 50. Men are 10 times more likely than women to develop throat cancers.
People who smoke or use tobacco are at greater risk of developing throat cancer than nonsmokers. Excessive alcohol use also increases risk. Smoking and drinking alcohol combined lead to an increased risk for throat cancers.
Other risk factors for throat cancer are being infected with the human papillomavirus (HPV), not eating enough fruits and vegetables in your diet, drinking maté, a stimulant drink common in South America and chewing betel quid, a stimulant commonly used in parts of Asia.
Throat cancers (sometimes referred to as vocal cord cancer or voice box cancer, laryngeal cancer, or cancer of the glottis) can be cured in 90 percent of patients if detected early.
If the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or lymph nodes in the neck, 50 - 60 percent of patients can be cured.