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Hi Anonymous and thanks for your post.
There are many different things that can cause dizziness and vertigo, which is a feeling of spinning or whirling when you are not moving. It can also be an exaggerated feeling of motion without moving your body. It is the most common form of dizziness, but is different from light-headedness (the feeling of nearly passing out).
We are not able to determine the cause of what you are experiencing but we are able to provide more information to help you better understand this. If the dizziness and vertigo continues to bother you it would be best to see your health care provider for a proper diagnosis and for the support you need to overcome this. Best, Pat
Vertigo is usually caused by problems in the nerves and structures of the inner ear, called the vestibular system. This system senses the position of your head and body in space as they move.
Vertigo can occur with the following conditions:
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
Tiny particles naturally present in the canals of the inner ear, dislodge, and move abnormally when the head is tilted, pushing ear fluid against hair-like sensors in the ear. BPPV may result from:
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
This condition results from fluid buildup in the part of the inner ear called the labyrinth. This vertigo usually occurs along with hearing loss and tinnitus .
This is a slow-growing, noncancerous tumor of the acoustic nerve. The tumor can press against the nerves of hearing which can lead to hearing loss and tinnitus (ringing in the ear).
This refers to diminished blood flow to the base of the brain often caused by atherosclerosis (deposits of fat in the arteries). It is usually accompanied by other neurological symptoms.
Medications and Other Substances
A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition.
Risk factors include:
Most cases of vertigo occur with nystagmus , an abnormal, rhythmic, jerking eye movement. Other symptoms depend on the condition causing the vertigo.
Symptoms may last only a few seconds, but may come and go for weeks or even years.
Viral Labyrinthitis (Vestibular Neuritis)
Sudden, intense vertigo lasting for several days to one week and often occurring with nausea and vomiting.
Sudden vertigo attacks lasting between minutes and hours and typically occurring with prominent hearing loss and tinnitus.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms, medication intake, and medical history, and perform a physical exam. In addition, the following tests may be performed:
Vertigo due to BPPV, labyrinthitis, or vestibular neuritis may subside on its own, usually within six months of onset (but it may sometimes take longer).
To treat vertigo and nausea:
To treat Meniere's disease:
Most often used to treat BPPV:
If you continue to experience vertigo, the maneuvers can be repeated, or more difficult maneuvers such as Brandt-Daroff exercises can be done.
Physical therapy can also be helpful.
If symptoms persist for a year or more and cannot be controlled by the maneuvers, several surgical procedures can be performed. A surgical procedure called "canal plugging" may be recommended.
Canal plugging completely stops the posterior semicircular canal's function without affecting the functions of the other canals or parts of the inner ear. This procedure poses a small risk to hearing. Other surgical procedures include removing parts of the vestibular nerve or semicircular canals in the inner ear. Gentamycin injections can also be done. Talk with your doctor to learn more about these injections.
Treatment of the Underlying Cause
Vertigo can be a symptom of another medical condition, such as a heart problem or a neurological problem. Once that condition is treated, vertigo should stop, or, in this case, the underlying medical problem should be treated to help relieve the vertigo.
If you are diagnosed as having vertigo, follow your doctor's instructions .
If you are prone to vertigo, the following precautions may help prevent an episode:
American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery
Vestibular Disorders Association
Balance And Dizziness Disorders Society
Canadian Academy of Audiology
American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://www.aafp.org/online/en/home.html .
Vestibular Disorders Association website. Available at: http://www.vestibular.org .