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Kidney Failure Causes & Risks

Causes

Kidney disease causes the tiny filters in the kidneys (called nephrons) to lose their ability to filter. Damage to the nephrons may occur suddenly after an injury or poisoning. But, many kidney diseases take years or even decades to cause damage that is noticeable.

The two most commons causes are:

  • Diabetes —high blood sugar can damage nephrons
  • High blood pressure —severe high blood pressure can damage blood vessels in the kidneys

Others causes include:

Renal Failure

Kidney failure stones
A blockage from kidney stones has caused renal failure.
© 2009 Nucleus Medical Art, Inc.

Risk Factors

These factors increase your chance of developing kidney failure. Tell your doctor if you have any of these risk factors:

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2019 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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