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Kidney Infection Causes & Risks

Causes

Kidney infection may be caused by:

  • Bladder infection that was not treated or inadequately treated (most common cause)
  • Conditions that slow the flow of urine from the bladder, such as an enlarged prostate or kidney stones
  • Having a cystoscopy done to examine the bladder
  • Surgery of the urinary tract
  • Use of a catheter to drain urine from the bladder
  • Bacteria from somewhere else in the body that has gone into the kidneys (rare)

Risk Factors

These factors increase your chance of developing a kidney infection. Tell your doctor if you have any of these risk factors:

  • Sex: female
  • Sexual activity
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes
  • Birth defect of the urinary tract, including vesicoureteral reflux
  • Blockage of the urinary tract, including:
    • Tumors
    • Enlarged prostate gland
    • Kidney stones
  • Catheter or stent placed in the urinary tract
  • Polycystic kidneys
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Previous kidney transplant
  • Weakened immune system

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2019 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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