In my previous article, I talked about anxiety disorders and stress and how they can lead to tension and migraine headaches.
I also talked about depression as a cause of headaches, but only briefly.
Daily, chronic tension headaches are seen in many patients with depression, according to the National Headache Foundation (NHF).
There seem to be certain characteristics of a depressive headache, like when it happens during certain times of the day (morning and evening are worse) and during stressful periods.
The NHF also said that “this headache consists of a steady, nonpulsatile ache, often distributed in a band-like pattern around the head.”
Some ways to treat a tension headache related to depression are antidepressants and biofeedback.
According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, biofeedback is when patients learn to control certain aspects of their body processes, like heart rate, blood pressure and muscle tension.
People with depression can also suffer migraines, according to the NHF.
Both tension and migraine headaches might be linked to the chemical aspect of depression and also might be caused by something other than depression.
Traditional headache medicine might still help those with mental disorders like depression and anxiety, though, according to one article.
The medications didn’t significantly reduce headaches, and behavioral and stress management therapies were considered for future treatments along with the medications.
In one study on chronic daily headaches and psychiatric disorders, it was found that “a psychiatric disorder was found in 50 percent of chronic tension-type headache patients, in 72.2 percent of those with chronic coexisting migraine and tension-type headache and in 70.3 percent of patients with chronic migraine.”
Another mental disorder has been associated with chronic headaches: borderline personality disorder.
According to one study, pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy can be effective treatments for borderline personality disorder.