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Ovarian rupture cyst

By Anonymous December 9, 2014 - 8:53pm
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Had cyst in my ovaries. It has gone now but I am concern if it's something that would come back?

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HERWriter Guide

Hi Anon

Thanks for your post! 

Ovarian cysts are generally harmless and some women get them every month! 

They usually dissipate quietly but a rupture can be a very painful and scary experience. A twisted ovary can be extremely painful. 

The ovaries make eggs and female hormones. An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac in the ovary. During the menstrual cycle, it is normal for the ovaries to make cysts. The largest of these normal cysts is usually less than an inch (2.5 cm). If you're taking birth control pills, then you usually do not form cysts larger than this size. Most cysts are small and benign. (Benign means that they are not cancerous). But, the larger ones can cause pain and other problems. When there is sudden and severe pain due to a cyst, it may because of:

  • Bleeding—blood irritates the surrounding tissue and causes pain
  • Torsion—the cyst twist around, disrupting blood flow to the ovary


One or many ovarian cysts can form.

Follicles grow in the ovaries each month. They make hormones and release an egg during ovulation. In some cases, follicles may become cysts. There are two main types:

  • Functional cyst—occurs when a normal monthly follicle does not mature properly and the egg is not released
    • These cysts go away on their own within 1-3 menstrual cycles.
  • Follicular cyst—occurs after an egg is released
    • These cysts go away on their own in a few weeks.
    • These are a type of functional cyst.


Most are functional cysts. They only occur during childbearing years. Many other, less common types of benign cysts can also form from ovarian tissue. For example, if you have endometriosis , you may form cysts from the uterine tissue on an ovary.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is also linked to cysts. This happens when several small cysts (more than 10) grow in the ovaries.

In a small percentage of cases, cysts are caused by cancer .

Another condition linked to cysts is ectopic pregnancy . Your doctor will do a pregnancy test to rule this out.

Anon, if this happens to you again you have many options.

Treatment depends on:

  • Age
  • Menstrual status
  • Size and type of cyst
  • Symptoms


The main types of treatment are:

Wait and See

The doctor waits a few months to see if the cyst goes away on its own.


Birth Control Pills

If you have a functional cyst, your doctor may prescribe birth control pills . The pills may prevent other cysts from developing during the "wait and see" period. If you get cysts often, birth control pills decrease the chance of new ones forming.

Pain Medication

If your cyst is causing a lot of discomfort, your doctor may prescribe pain medication.

Laparoscopic Surgery

Pelvic laparoscopy may be recommended to remove a cyst if it:

  • Grows larger or reaches a size greater than two inches
  • Has some solid material in it, or other features
  • Causes persistent or worsening symptoms
  • Lasts longer than two or three menstrual cycles
  • Disrupts blood flow


If the cyst is not cancerous, often just the cyst can be removed. However, in some cases, your whole ovary may need to be removed. If the cyst is cancerous, you may have both ovaries and uterus removed. This requires an open surgical procedure

I do hope you don't experience this again but if you do, I hope the information above will help you.



December 10, 2014 - 5:39am
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