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Bacterial Vaginosis

What is Bacterial Vaginosis? The Causes and Risk Factors

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Bacterial Vaginosis Definition

Definition

Bacterial vaginosis is a mild infection of the vagina. Although it is usually treated easily, it may be a sign that you have other, more serious conditions. It can also lead to complications, including the following:

  • Pregnancy complications, such as low birth weight and premature delivery
  • Higher risk of pelvic inflammatory disease if the bacteria infect the uterus and fallopian tubes

There is an association between bacterial vaginosis and a higher risk of getting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. If a woman has HIV and also bacterial vaginosis, there is a higher risk of transmitting HIV to her male partner during unprotected sex.

Talk to your doctor right away if you think you have bacterial vaginosis. It is treated with antibiotics.

Vagina

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