The cause of Behcet’s disease is unknown. It is believed to be caused by an autoimmune reaction. This occurs when the body’s immune system attacks its own tissue by mistake. This autoimmune abnormality may be inherited. An environmental trigger, such as a specific virus or bacterium, may activate the disease in people susceptible to it.
A risk factor is something that increases your chances of getting a disease or condition. Although the exact cause of Behcet’s disease is unknown, some groups of people are more likely to develop the condition than others. Risk factors include:
- Location: the Middle East, Asia, and Japan
- In the US, men are more likely than women to develop this condition.
- In the Middle East, Asia, and Japan, women are more likely than men to develop Behcet’s.
- Age: 20s and 30s
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