For a long time, the general consensus has been that depression is largely a female thing. Depression can hit men too, though it can manifest differently in men than in women. A depressed man might seem angry, for instance, rather than sunk in a chair crying, or pouring woes out to a friend as the female stereotype dictates.
Here are some ways in which men and women differ in their experience of depression:
1) Biology makes a difference.
Biological differences between men and women leave women more susceptible to depression and other mood disorders. Women are almost twice as prone to depression as men are according to Jill Goldstein, director of research at the Connors Center for Women's Health and Gender Biology at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston.
Conversely, men are over three times more likely to be diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder than women, according to WHO.
2) In general, women are more in touch with their feelings.
Women are more in tune with their emotions, and tend to be more articulate about them. Women are more likely to talk with their friends and show their vulnerability than men. Women are also quicker to go to their primary health care physician, whereas men are more likely to see a specialist.
3) Women are more likely to brood.
Women spend more time replaying their negative thoughts and emotions. Men are more likely to hide their feelings, from themselves and others. Depression can deepen without help from others, so a man's depression when undiagnosed, can become harder to manage.
4) Men and women use — or abuse — drugs and alcohol differently.
Men may drink too much or self-medicate with illegal drugs, before depression sets in. Women are more likely to self-medicate after depression emerges. Men are more forthcoming with their health care provider about their alcohol consumption than women are, according to WHO.
5) Men are more likely to try to distract themselves from the pain of depression.
Men have more of a tendency to throw themselves into work or sports, or watching more TV.Read more in Gender Differences in Health