develops in kidneys with long-term damage and bad
scarring, so it often is associated with dialysis and end-stage
renal disease. About 90 percent of people on dialysis for 5 years
develop ACKD. People with ACKD can have any underlying kidney
disease, such as glomerulonephritis or kidney disease of
The cysts of ACKD may bleed. Kidney tumors, including kidney
(renal) cancer, can develop in people with ACKD. Renal cancer is
rare yet occurs at least twice as often in ACKD patients as in the
Patients with ACKD usually seek help because they notice blood
in their urine (hematuria). The cysts bleed into the urinary
system, which discolors urine. Diagnosis is confirmed using
ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI of the kidneys.
Most ACKD patients are already receiving treatment for kidney
problems. In rare cases, surgery is used to stop bleeding of cysts
and to remove tumors or suspected tumors.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a
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