Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that causes arthritis of the spine and hips. It can also affect other joints such as the knees, and it can cause inflammation of the eyes, lungs, or heart valves.
The cause of ankylosing spondylitis is not known. However, most people with ankylosing spondylitis share a common gene marker called HLA-B27. This finding indicates that genes play an important role in the development of this condition.
A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition.
There is no cure for ankylosing spondylitis. Treatment is aimed at providing education and relieving the symptoms.
Treatments may include:
Treatment may include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to control pain and inflammation. Other medicines used to treat this condition are called TNF-inhibitors (eg,
Techniques to prevent progression and worsening of symptoms may include:
Learning proper posture and the best positions for sleeping
daily exercise, such as:
Abdominal and back exercises (to decrease back stiffness and maintain good posture)
Breathing exercises (in cases where the rib cage is affected)
In severe cases,
hip or joint replacement
surgery may be needed to relieve pain and restore mobility. In some instances, spinal surgery is needed to allow the person an upright posture.
There are no guidelines for preventing ankylosing spondylitis because the cause is unknown.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a