Causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Anything that causes irritation, inflammation, fluid retention, or an abnormal growth in or around the carpal tunnel can cause carpal tunnel syndrome, including:
- Repetitive movements of the hands, wrists, or fingers—especially overactive use of a computer keyboard, certain musical instruments, or hand tools
- Use of vibrating equipment or tools
- A narrow carpal tunnel (due to heredity)
- Broken bones
- Compression or crush injuries
Arthritis Diabetes Raynaud's disease, which impairs blood flow in the hands
Water retention due to:
- Kidney disease
- Hormone-related conditions, such as:
Medications, such as:
- Birth control pills
- Cortisone pills or shots
- Some high blood pressure drugs
- Tumors and cysts in the carpal tunnel
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.aaos.org/ .
American Society for Surgery of the Hand website. Available at: http://www.assh.org/AM/Template.cfm .
Katz RT. Carpal tunnel syndrome: a practical review. American Fam Physician . May 1, 1994.
Last reviewed August 2008 by
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