Your mouth and throat are some of the most sensitive areas of
your body. An HIV infection can cause sores to develop there. These
sores can make it hurt to chew or swallow and that makes it hard to
Some tips on making eating easier :
Eat soft foods that are smooth in texture. Try mashed potatoes,
yogurt, pudding, custards, oatmeal, cream of wheat, ice cream,
applesauce, mashed banana, cream soups (cream of mushroom, cream of
chicken, cheddar cheese)
Put your food in a blender to make it smooth.
Try baby food. It is smooth and easy to swallow, and comes in
single serving containers.
Use a straw or drink your food from a cup instead of using a
Try tilting your head forward or back to make swallowing
If you are able to handle some lumps, try scrambled eggs,
cottage cheese, macaroni and cheese, baked fish, tuna salad, and
canned fruits. Most stews, casseroles and hearty soups would be
soft enough to eat, too.
Moisten your food to help it slide down. Cut meats up in small
pieces and add gravy to them. Add gravy or cream sauces to
vegetables before eating.
Soak dry foods in milk, coffee or other warm beverage before
eating. This works well with toast, crackers, and cookies.
Do not eat spicy foods. They can sting your mouth.
Avoid rough or crunchy foods such as raw vegetables, apples.
Try cooked vegetables and soft fruits like bananas or canned pears
Stay away from oranges, grapefruit, tomatoes or their juice.
They have a lot of acid and can cause your mouth to sting.
Avoid very hot foods and beverages. Cold and room temperature
foods will be more comfortable to your mouth. If really cold foods
feel good, try adding ice to milk and other beverages to make them
extra cold. Try eating a lot of ice cream, sherbet or popsicles to
numb some of the pain.
Rinse your mouth whenever you feel you need it. This can
moisten your mouth, remove bits of food, and give it a fresher
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a