Getting Treatment for Drug Addiction
Why Can’t I Just Quit on My Own?
You may have already tried to stop using drugs a number of times, only to go back when the craving became too intense. You can become both physically and psychologically addicted.
On a physical level, continually putting the drug into your system causes changes to brain chemistry. You become tolerant and need higher and higher doses to feel the same effect. If you were to suddenly stop taking it, your body goes into withdrawal. Depending on which drug you are addicted to, you may have a range of symptoms—tremors, stomach cramps, vomiting, nausea,
Psychologically, you may feel that you cannot function without the drug, and being stressed may make you want to use the drug even more. Your time may be spent around friends who are also using drugs, which only encourages you to continue the habit. Quitting can trigger an extreme desire for the drug and can lead to feelings of
All of these factors work against you in your fight to be drug-free. Also, you may not just be dealing with the addiction itself, but also with an underlying mental health issue (such as depression, anxiety, or
What Can I Expect From a Treatment Program?
Treatment really depends on what drug you are addicted to and what other problems you are facing. Look for a program that can address all of your issues, views you as an individual, and changes as your needs change. In most cases, you will want a combination of care from
Treatment starts with detoxification. Under the care of your doctor, you need to go through a process where you rid the drug from your body. Medication can help ease the withdrawal symptoms. Depending on the drug, these symptoms can last 3-5 days, but you still have the long-term changes to your brain function, as well as the psychological effects. While some people think that all they need to do is go through detox to overcome addiction, treatment means a long-term commitment to change your lifestyle and behavior. Detox is just the first step.
Therapy and Medication
In most cases, treatment involves both therapy and medication. In therapy, you learn how to deal with cravings and how to identify your drug abuse patterns. Are there certain situations where you are more likely to use drugs? What are the best ways to cope with these situations? How can you prevent relapse? If you do relapse, how do you recover?
By working with a therapist, you slowly change your thinking and behavior and build skills to sustain a drug-free lifestyle. This also involves working through any underlying issues that you have, like abuse or neglect, which may have led you to using drugs. If you have a dual-diagnosis, such as addiction and depression, you will need to be treated for both conditions, ideally at the same time.
Medication also plays a role in your recovery. For example, if you are addicted to
What Are the Different Types of Treatment Programs?
Treatment can take place on an outpatient or inpatient (residential) basis; the choice really depends on your situation.
Outpatient programs may be a good choice if your addiction is not as severe, you are still able to work, and you have a good support system. These programs can vary greatly from drug education and counseling to more comprehensive and intense programs that address multiple needs. In general, you can expect to be involved in both one-on-one sessions and
Behavioral therapy, family therapy, and motivational interviewing (a counseling style that focuses on changing your behavior) are some of the approaches that are typically used. Over time, you will become more accustomed to expressing your emotions and sharing your stories. You will work on the issues surrounding your addiction and learn new skills to handle situations where you normally would use drugs. This may involve doing assignments given to you by your therapist, role playing, going over your progress, and earning privileges for working toward your goals. You can also expect to confront relationship and family problems, which can impact your recovery.
Inpatient or residential programs can be short-term (eg, 3-6 weeks) or long-term (eg, 6-12 months). These programs are better suited for people who have a severe addiction, have difficulty functioning, and have a criminal record. If you are facing these circumstances, then your chances of recovery are better if you are removed from situations where you typically use drugs.
The most structured type of program is called therapeutic community, which basically means that you learn how to function again by being part of the community. You work with the staff and other members in the program to change your behavior and thinking and to learn new skills and values. This involves a huge commitment on your part. You have to take responsibility for your own recovery and be involved in others’ recovery too. This may mean that you do a 12-step program, like Narcotics Anonymous, where you advance through steps to overcome your addiction and help others to do the same.
Whether you choose inpatient or outpatient, find a program that views you as an individual and takes into account many factors, like your age, gender, family situation, health status, sexual orientation, ability to work, and financial standing.
How Will I Pay for Treatment?
If you have private health insurance, check your policy. For example, find out what places are “in the network,” whether you need pre-authorization, how much the co-pay is, and how long you can stay in treatment. If you have chosen a facility, talk to the staff to make sure they accept your insurance. You will also need to know how much the program costs and what your insurance will cover.
If you have insurance through Medicare or Medicaid, the government may pay for outpatient and inpatient treatment, but there may be certain restrictions, such as going to a participating facility, getting a referral from your doctor, and having a treatment plan from your doctor. Check with your state to find out where you can go for treatment and for how long.
In some cases, people without insurance pay out-of-pocket or rely on family members and friends. But treatment is very expensive. Some places do have a sliding fee scale (based on your income) and payment assistance.
There are government-funded facilities if you have no insurance and financial problems. Keep in mind, though, that these often have long waiting lists, sometimes as long as several months. If you need help in finding a facility near you, call the Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration at 1-800-662-HELP.
How Effective Is Treatment? What Are My Chances for Success?
For treatment to be effective, you may need to participate in a program for several months to over a year. Staying in a program is affected by how motivated you are to change and how much support you get from family and friends. You may also feel pressured to stay in treatment because of problems with the law or with your job. Even if you are severely addicted, you can recover by actively participating in therapy.
Drug addiction is a chronic condition. Sometimes it takes several attempts before you are truly able to live a drug-free life. That is why aftercare becomes just as important as the treatment program itself. You have many goals—to be healthy, to have a place to live, to work again, to rebuild relationships, and so on. To achieve these, you’ll work with a case manager who will oversee your ongoing care and get you the services that you need, whether it is housing assistance, vocational training, or family therapy. Remember, successful recovery from drug addiction is a process that requires help from others—friends, family, and professionals. You are not alone. There is hope, help, and healing.
Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator
Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse
Drug Rehab and Drug Addiction Treatment
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Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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