Treatment given in addition to the primary
treatment (surgery or radiation). For breast cancer, thermotherapy
or hormone therapy is used.
Loss of feeling or sensation so that the patient
does not feel pain.
A doctor who specializes in giving
Removal of fluid or tissue by suction through a
A growth that is not cancer; it will not spread to
other parts of the body.
Removal of a sample of tissue that is looked at
under a microscope to see if cancer cells are present.
Term for more than 100 diseases that have
uncontrolled, abnormal growth of cells. Cancer cells may invade and
destroy healthy tissues and spread through the bloodstream and
lymphatic system to other parts of the body.
Treatment with drugs to kill cancer cells.
Studies of new medical treatments. Studies answer
scientific questions and lead to better ways to treat
An abnormal sac or capsule within a tissue or an
organ that is filled with fluid or semisolid substance. Cysts are
Early stage breast
Breast cancer that has not spread beyond the
breast and underarm lymph nodes to other parts of the body.
A female hormone that some types of breast cancer
cells need to grow.
Radiation therapy that uses a machine located
outside the body to aim high-energy rays at the cancer.
A thin slice of frozen biopsy tissue that is
looked at under a microscope; a quick way to prepare biopsy tissue
so that it can be examined to see if cancer is present.
Tests that are done on breast cancer cells to tell
if they need hormones to grow and if hormone therapy would be
Chemicals produced by certain glands in the
Cancer treatment that blocks, removes, or adds
hormones to keep cancer cells from growing; sometimes called
A cut into tissue made by a surgeon.
Surgery that removes only the breast lump or
cancerous tissue. Lumpectomy is usually followed by removal of the
underarm lymph nodes and radiation therapy.
Small, bean-shaped organs that filter harmful
bacteria. Nodes are found throughout the body in places such as the
neck, underarm, and groin. Also called lymph glands.
An x-ray of the breast. It can show cancer even
before it can be felt.
Surgery to remove the breast.
Biopsy and surgical treatment done at the same
time that cancer is found.
A doctor who identifies diseases by studying cells
and tissues under a microscope.
Thin slices of biopsy tissue that are mounted on
slides and looked at under a microscope. A permanent section takes
several days to prepare. It tells doctors if the tissue is cancer,
the type of cancer it is, and other information that helps to plan
A female hormone that some breast cancer cells may
need to grow.
Use of high-energy rays from x-rays or other
sources to kill cancer cells.
Biopsy and treatment done in two stages, usually a
week or two apart
A type of radiation that is used at low levels to
diagnose disease or in its high-energy form to treat cancer.