This is a condition in which the heart muscle thickens. As the muscle thickens, it must work harder to pump blood, which strains the heart muscle. HCM usually causes only one side of the heart to thicken, making the heart pump unevenly.
There are three main types of cardiomyopathy:
Hypertrophic—can be divided into two types:
Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM)—the muscle between the two valves of the heart becomes so enlarged that it obstructs the blood flow in the heart
Non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy—non-obstructive form, the enlarged muscle is not large enough to block blood flow
HCM can occur in people of all ages. But, it is usually most severe when it occurs in younger people.
Those with HCM are at an increased risk of sudden death. However, many individuals with HCM live a normal, healthy life with very few symptoms.
These factors increase your chance of developing this condition. Tell your doctor if you have any of these risk factors:
Having a family member with HCM
Being over age 60 and having hypertension
Fainting, particularly during exercise
Dizziness or lightheadedness, particularly following exercise
Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
Tiring easily during exercise or activity
Shortness of breath when lying down
These symptoms can be caused by some of the side effects of the condition, including
(abnormal heartbeats). The blocked or reduced blood flow is usually the cause of symptoms like dizziness, fainting, and difficulty breathing.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a