Any kind of stressful circumstances can worsen the symptoms of
. As a result, lifestyle changes are an important part of a comprehensive treatment plan. Improvements in your child’s environment, brought about by behavioral therapy, can reduce symptoms a great deal. Because most cases of ADHD are diagnosed in childhood, many of these lifestyle changes are geared toward helping parents help their children cope with ADHD.
The following recommendations all have the same objective: reduction of stress and distractions to help focus your child’s attention. Children and adults with ADHD are more sensitive to these stressors than the average person.
General Guidelines for Managing ADHD
At School or Place of Employment
Modify the environment in an effort to reduce distractions.
Sitting on a Disc'O'Sit cushion may help improve your child's attention in class. The Disc'O'Sit is a dome-shaped cushion filled with air that requires the child to maintain proper balance.
Decrease noise and clutter.
Provide clear instructions, preferably written.
Focus on success. Reward your child’s progress and reinforce positive behavior.
Help your child get organized with checklists and reminders.
Encourage impulse control.
Encourage your child to do things he or she is good at.
Don’t require your child to perform difficult tasks in public.
Encourage active learning, such as underlining, note taking, or reading aloud.
Break big jobs down into small tasks.
* New research published in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology has shown that behaviors such as fidgeting, pencil tapping and constant movement in adolescents may serve a distinct brain function and help ADHD kids stay alert and on task. Some teachers and schools may take a different approach and allow children to move and fidget about, in a quiet manner, during activities (eg, squeeze a ball, stand at the back of the room with work).
All guidelines for school and the workplace apply to the home environment, as well.
Address family tensions such as spousal conflicts,
, and sibling rivalry.
Create order, structure, and routine in the home. There is comfort in knowing what is going to happen and that things are where they belong.
4/30/2008 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance
DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
: Pfeiffer B, Henry A, Miller S, Witherell S. Effectiveness of Disc 'O' Sit cushions on attention to task in second-grade students with attention difficulties.
Am J Occup Ther.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a