is a change in behavior that is caused by sudden, abnormal, and excessive electrical activity in the brain. A neonatal seizure occurs in newborn babies.
Seizures may be severe or mild, and may cause physical changes like convulsions. Seizures may affect only part of the body or the entire body. A short seizure itself does not cause serious health conditions. However, a seizure may be a symptom or side effect of a more serious health condition. Prolonged seizures can lead to permanent damage due to lack of sufficient oxygenation and excessive brain cell activity (excitotoxicity).
Abnormal and excessive electrical activity in the brain.
Lumbar puncture—removal of a small amount of cerebrospinal fluid for testing
Treatment for the seizures depends on the cause of the seizures. Some seizures require no treatment, while others may require treatment of the underlying condition responsible for the seizure. Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for your baby.
For febrile seizures, which are most common in children and caused by fever, treatment is rarely required. Your doctor may advise that you give your baby medicine to keep fever down whenever he/she gets sick. Treatment options for other types of seizures include medications and surgery.
Anticonvulsant medication may be prescribed to help prevent the abnormal brain activity that causes seizures. Medications are not usually prescribed for
Surgery of the brain may help reduce seizures in some patients with epilepsy. Surgery may involve separating nerve fibers or removing a portion of the brain to reduce or eliminate seizures.
If your newborn is diagnosed with neonatal seizures, follow your doctor's instructions.
Seizures cannot be prevented, but you should take safety precautions if you notice your child’s behavior changing. You should get your child to a safe place and lay him down to avoid injury.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a