Orbital cellulitis is a serious infection of the bony cavity in which the eyeball sits, which is called the orbit. It is surrounded by sinuses. The sinuses are the hollow areas of the skull around the nose.
Orbital cellulitis affects not only the eye, but the eyelids, eyebrows, and cheeks. It causes the eyeball to have a swollen appearance. If the infection is not treated, it can lead to blindness.
Eyeball in Orbit
The cavity below the eye is a sinus, the most common place for the infection to start.
Children are at high risk of severe infections from orbital cellulitis that could result in blindness. For this reason, they should be given immediate medical attention. In young children, the infection is often caused by a sinus infection due to a organism called
A risk factor is something that increases the chance of getting a disease or condition. Some risk factors for orbital cellulitis include:
Orbital cellulitis can worsen quickly. Often it requires hospitalization. Treatment for orbital cellulitis includes:
Antibiotics are given to treat the infection. They will be started immediately, even before results from the laboratory have come back. Antibiotics are generally given by mouth for three weeks. If the infection is serious, antibiotics may be given through an intravenous drip for at least several days.
Nasal decongestants will help sinus drainage if patient has sinusitis.
Diuretics or eye drops
are given to help decrease pressure within the eyeball.
Surgery may be performed to drain a pus collection from an infected sinus or orbit.
If you are diagnosed with orbital cellulitis, follow your doctor's instructions.
Treating sinus or dental infections promptly may prevent them from spreading to the eyes. In addition, children should be protected with the Hib B vaccine, which will prevent most of the
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a