Preventing Burns in Children
There are nearly 2.5 million
Burn Prevention Tips
You can take the following simple steps to reduce your child's risk of getting burned:
- Make sure your child's sleepwear is flame-resistant.
- Turn pot handles to the center or rear of the stove when cooking and use the back burners whenever possible.
- Test the temperature of food heated in a microwave before giving it to a child. Microwaves tend to heat unevenly and some portions can be very hot.
- Remember that kitchen appliances and cookware remain hot enough to burn for quite a while after you are done using them.
Eating and Drinking
- Do not drink hot liquids when holding a baby. The liquid could spill and burn the baby.
- Avoid using a tablecloth when children are learning to walk. A child could try to use it to pull him or herself up and knock a heavy object or something containing hot liquid onto him or herself.
- Use a baby bath thermometer to test the temperature of your child's bath water.
- Lower the hot-water heater setting to 120°F or the low-medium setting.
- Keep cigarette lighters and matches away from children. Even a child as young as two can figure out how to use them.
- Don't leave lit candles unattended. They are easy for children (or pets) to knock over.
- Install smoke detectors on every floor of your home. Check monthly to make sure they are working properly, and replace the batteries annually.
- Create a fire escape plan and practice it with your children. Teach them to go outside if a fire occurs in the house.
Electricity and Appliances
- Always supervise children around fires, stoves, heaters, or anything that could cause burn injury.
- Cover unused electrical outlets with plastic plug covers.
- Keep electrical cords from irons, coffee pots, and other appliances out of the reach of children.
American Burn Association
Shriner's Hospital for Children
Canadian Burn Foundation
Age-related safety sheets. The Injury and Prevention Program (TIPP). American Academy of Pediatrics website. Available at: http://www.aap.org .
Last reviewed January 2009 by
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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