Because the causes are unknown, there are currently no guidelines for reducing your risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Scientists are studying medications and lifestyle factors (such as diet, mental activity, and exercise) that may help ward off the condition. Although still disputed by some experts, there is some evidence that long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can lower your risk of Alzheimer’s disease.

In contrast, early studies indicated that hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in women decreased the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. However, recent studies showed that HRT may actually increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease in postmenopausal women. As our understanding of Alzheimer’s disease grows, your doctor may have more information regarding steps for reducing your risk as you age.