SageSalvia officinalis, Salvia lavandulaefolia
The herb sage has a long history of use in food and medicine. In Mediterranean cultures it was used internally to treat excessive menstrual bleeding, increase fertility, aid memory, reduce symptoms of arthritis, and reduce breast engorgement during weaning. It was used topically for treatment of wounds, sprains, and muscle injuries, and as a gargle for sore throat, hoarseness, and cough.
What Is Sage Used for Today?
Sage has been approved by Germany’s Commission E
A double-blind study of 286 people found that a throat spray made using sage at a 15% concentration significantly reduced
Additionally, in double-blind trials performed in Iran, 42 people with
In another double-blind, placebo-controlled study, either placebo or sage essential oil was given to 24 healthy people using a crossover design.
Much weaker evidence, too weak to rely upon at all, hints that sage might have
For use as tea or gargle, 1–3 grams of dried sage is steeped in a cup of water, and taken three times daily. The equivalent dose of tincture or extract may also be used
As a widely used food spice, sage is thought to have a relatively high level of safety. However, comprehensive safety studies have not been performed. Sage essential oil contains the neurotoxic substance thujone. Maximum safe doses in young children, pregnant or nursing women, or people with severe liver or kidney disease have not been established.
1. Akhondzadeh S, Noroozian M, Mohammadi M, et al. Salvia officinalis extract in the treatment of patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease: a double blind, randomized and placebo-controlled trial. J Clin Pharm Ther . 2003;28:53–9.
2. Tildesley NT, Kennedy DO, Perry EK, et al. Positive modulation of mood and cognitive performance following administration of acute doses of Salvia lavandulaefolia essential oil to healthy young volunteers. Physiol Behav . 2005;83:699–709.
12. Kennedy DO, Pace S, Haskell C, et al. Effects of cholinesterase inhibiting sage ( Salvia officinalis ) on mood, anxiety and performance on a psychological stressor battery. Neuropsychopharmacology . 2005 Oct 5 [Epub ahead of print]
13. Scholey AB, Tildesley NT, Ballard CG, et al. An extract of Salvia (sage) with anticholinesterase properties improves memory and attention in healthy older volunteers. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2008 Mar 19.
Last reviewed April 2009 by EBSCO CAM Review Board
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