(UC; Colitis, Ulcerative)
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a severe, chronic inflammatory bowel disease
- Bleeding in the lining of the colon and rectum
The cause of ulcerative colitis is not known. Inflammatory bowel diseases (UC and Crohn's disease
These factors increase your chance of developing UC. Tell your doctor if you have any of these risk factors:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam.
Tests may include:
- Blood tests
- Stool test
- Barium enema
Avoid Foods That Provoke Symptoms
- Dairy foods (due to lactose intolerance )
- Highly seasoned foods
- High-fiber foods
Talk to your doctor to learn more about what foods to avoid, since this may be different for each person.
Medication may not cure very severe UC. In some cases, your doctor may suggest
Over time, colitis that is not treated or does not respond to treatment can lead to:
If you are diagnosed with ulcerative colitis, follow your doctor's instructions .
American Gastroenterological Society
Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America
The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of Canada
About ulcerative colitis and proctitis. Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America website. Available at: http://www.ccfa.org/info/about/ucp . Accessed July 9, 2008.
Goroll AH, Mulley AG, Mulley AG Jr. Primary Care Medicine . 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000.
Ulcerative colitis. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/colitis/index.htm . Accessed July 9, 2008.
Ulcerative colitis patient education resources. Digestive Health Initiative. American Gastroenterological Society website. Available at: http://www.gastro.org/wmspage.cfm?parm1=4024 . Accessed July 9, 2008.
Yamada T, Alpers DH. Textbook of Gastroenterology . 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003.
Last reviewed February 2009 by
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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